What about autism makes it difficult to maintain relationships?
The biggest difficulty I have is that it can be really hard for me to remember to, or figure out how to, contact people … . One way I deal with this is to make dates with people far in advance and get the dates solidly in my schedule. Every time I meet a new person, I learn a whole new language (and they need to learn at least a small amount of Dora-ese). This can be slow and a lot of work for both of us, but I also think it results in relationships that are richer and more honest and committed. It is hard to enter into a trivial or throw-away relationship with me.
There's a perception that people with autism can't internalize emotions and can't empathize with others.
Just because someone may not express emotions in a way that is recognizable to others does not mean they are not feeling them. I often feel things too deeply or have too much empathy and have to run away, not because I am callous, but because I feel so strongly it causes my brain to shut down or freak out.
The notion that we don't have feelings frees up people to commit atrocities against us without accountability. A person involved with my local school system once told me they heard a well-known educational speaker tell a room full of autism specialists not to worry about autistic students being bullied because the autistic students don't have any feelings.
How do you help friends and family members empathize with you?
I love that it's recognized that others have just as much of a responsibility to understand us as we have to understand them.
It took me a long time to realize I did need to explain my experience of the world to others in order to facilitate clear communication and understanding. Non-autistic people typically assume that I experience the world in some way similar to them, which leads to a lot of misunderstandings and at times dangerous situations, and I suppose I am no different.
I am still in the process of learning what is different and how to communicate that difference. (How would you generally explain your experience of being non-autistic?)
I am comfortable with who I am and my experience is no more alien or unpleasant to me anymore than anyone else's experience of the world is alien or unpleasant to them.