But it was speeded by residents approving a quarter-cent sales tax increase, arrival of federal stimulus money and even local developers adding money. That has also helped quicken other under-contruction TRAX extensions to Draper and Salt Lake City International Airport (both expected to open in 2013), and an extension to Provo of the FrontRunner commuter rail, expected in 2014.
When the two new TRAX lines open permanently for business on Sunday, Allegra said the UTA believes it will be the first time that any transit agency in America has opened two new major light rail lines at the same time. They will more than double the number of train cars operating, and nearly double overall TRAX mileage.
The $535 million Mid-Jordan TRAX extension runs 10.6 miles from the Daybreak area of South Jordan to Murray. It will form part of the new red line that will run from Daybreak to the University of Utah. It is expected to carry 9,000 people a day initially.
The $370 million West Valley City TRAX extension runs 5.1 miles from Valley Fair Mall to the Central Pointe Station at 2100 South. It will form part of the new green line that will initially run from West Valley City to the Salt Lake Central Station. That green line eventually will run to Salt Lake City International Airport. Officials estimate that it will carry about 5,000 people a day at first.
What will be called the blue line runs from the Salt Lake Central station to Sandy now, and eventually to Draper.
Operating all the trains comes at a cost. UTA is cutting its bus offerings by 10 percent, also effective on Sunday, to fund the new TRAX lines. But it says its overall system will carry more people, and bus lines have been reconfigured to take many bus riders for transfer onto TRAX.
The UTA held ceremonies Tuesday both in South Jordan and West Valley City to celebrate the new lines, and ran a special inaugural train between the ends of both new extensions with a standing-room only crowd of local mayors, city council members, legislators, business representatives and officials from UTA, the Federal Transit Administration and some invited residents.
"I am grateful to the citizens of Salt Lake County who got behind this," said South Jordan Mayor Kent Money. He said when he first saw long-range plans for the rail lines, he thought they "would die a slow death because we didn't have funding for them" but the community supported raising needed money.
He said the TRAX line is already helping attract new businesses and residences to his community.
For example, Don Whyte, president of Kennecott Land, said his company donated $13 million in land and money toward the Mid-Jordan line, viewing it as a boon to its Daybreak development in South Jordan. He said the line will also help reduce air pollution.
"If we're really going to have an impact on air quality in Salt Lake County, it's with projects like this that take cars off the road," Whyte said.
West Valley City Mayor Mike Winder said he views the new TRAX stations in his city as a "string of pearls" attracting new development around them, including at what the city calls Fairbourne Station at the end of the line. He says it will have a half-billion dollars worth of development, including a new seven-story hotel that is under construction.
Lane Beattie, president and CEO of the Salt Lake Area Chamber of Commerce, said like trains in the Old West brought prosperity to cities along their routes, "I am here to tell you that the same kind of development that happened along the Union Pacific will happen along these very routes that we are riding today."
William Millar, president of the American Public Transportation Association, said while the lines may seem expensive now, he said future generations will praise the foresight of building them and view the cost as relatively cheap for their benefit.
"I am often asked why Utah is able to do so many great things in transit," Millar said. "It's that spirit of coming together" to build to benefit future generations.
Former West Valley City Mayor Dennis Nordfelt, who helped push TRAX expansion, said the lines may be just the beginning. He said he envisions a day when trains will go to Tooele County, Park City, the Wasatch Canyons and even a north-south line along the west side of Salt Lake County to meet the demands of growth.
The lines will open for business permanently on Sunday. UTA plans to have extra workers on hand on Monday to help commuters figure out connections on the first workday that the new system will operate. Schedules and maps are available at UTA's website, rideuta.com.