The United States has made great progress over the past two decades in opening opportunities for people with disabilities. Many other countries lag far behind. That's why the U.S. Senate ought to ratify a U.N. treaty on rights for people with disabilities, a vote that's scheduled for Tuesday.
Anyone who has traveled the world knows that many people with disabilities continue to face overwhelming barriers to participating in their societies. The wheelchair ramps we've come to expect in this country are nonexistent in many places. In developing countries, 90 percent of children with disabilities do not attend school. Huge pools of talent go to waste as a result, and millions of lives fail to reach their potential. Americans pay a price, too. Those who want to travel or work abroad encounter obstacles, and U.S. companies that pay for wheelchair ramps and other accommodations here say that they're at a competitive disadvantage with overseas companies that don't bear the same expense. (We'd argue that the U.S. firms more than make up the difference by accessing the talent of those with disabilities, but we don't need to debate that question today.)
The Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities, which the George W. Bush administration signed in 2006, is modeled in large part on the Americans With Disabilities Act, which President George H.W. Bush signed in 1990. It would not require the United States to change its laws, but ratification would give Americans the standing to lobby other nations to follow the U.S. lead and to offer help to those who want to do so. It's been signed by 154 countries and ratified by 124. More than 60 senators have indicated support, but backers say they are about four votes short of the two-thirds majority they need.