Answers to these questions lie in channeling Utahns' native resourcefulness to unleash and deploy our state's abundant natural resources responsibly. For those who worry about environmental casualties, state environmental regulators can better address and monitor local environmental concerns than faraway federal bureaucrats.
The U.S. Government Accountability Office recently testified to Congress that there is more recoverable oil in Utah, Colorado and Wyoming than all the rest of the world combined. The problem is that most of this oil (and other abundant resources) is locked up in federally controlled lands.
If these lands were under more certain state control, instead of ever-changing federal whims, businesses could translate this certainty into planning, investments in long term leases and local jobs. This, in turn, would lead to increased revenues and greater economic self-reliance for these states.
Earlier this year, the Utah Legislature enacted the Utah Transfer of Public Lands Act (HB148). This law compels the state to work for the transfer of nearly 70 percent of the federally owned and managed lands located in Utah to the state. To date, however, the state has done little to bring about this transfer.
While the path to transferring public lands to the states may be difficult, it has been done before. In Illinois, Missouri, Louisiana and several other former "Western frontier states," the federal government controlled nearly 90 percent of their public lands for decades.
With a little push from these states, the federal government honored the statehood promises in their enabling acts to dispose of their public lands. Today, states east of Colorado have less than 5 percent of their lands under federal control, while more than 64 percent of the land in Utah is federally controlled.
The promises fulfilled to those states are the same promises that exist in Utah's statehood enabling act (see www.AmericanLandsCouncil.org). It is time for Utah's leaders to push the federal government to keep its promises to Utah. If Utah continues to rely on the precarious funds of the federal government for nearly 40 percent of its budget, the state will likely face a very hard economic landing.
State, local and community leaders should heed the counsel of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.: "Ultimately, a genuine leader is not a searcher for consensus but a molder of consensus."
Utah's leaders should mold the consensus among Western states to do the same thing done by earlier Western frontier states. The federal government's promises to Utah are the same as those to states where the federal government successfully disposed of public lands.
Public land transfers have been done before and should be done again. Utah can secure the rights and benefits of our lands and resources and move toward economic self-reliance.
Jonathan E. Johnson III is president of Utah-based Overstock.com, Inc.