The executives are more comfortable with their present staffing levels and are less inclined to lay off workers. The percentage of CEOs planning to cut jobs fell to 25 percent from 29 percent, the second straight drop.
Even so, employers added 236,000 jobs in February, the government said last week. That capped a four-month hiring spree in which job gains averaged more than 200,000 per month. And it drove down the unemployment rate to a four-year low of 7.7 percent from 7.9 percent in January.
Some of the net gains in hiring reflect a drop in layoffs rather than more overall hiring.
Jim McNerney, CEO of the Boeing Co. and chairman of the Roundtable, said the more cautious outlook among CEOs "may reflect ongoing uncertainty and a wait-and-see attitude about the business climate in the United States."
"While this is a long, protracted and very slow recovery, we all have hopes for our businesses that exceeded the growth rate we've got right now," McNerney said.
But he added that investment was not at the level "you would find normally in this stage of a recovery . and it's not enough to generate employment gains." The Roundtable surveys CEOs about sales, capital spending and hiring. The results are combined into an index which gauges their outlook for the economy. That index jumped to 81 from 65.6 in December, the first increase in a year and higher the index's long-run average of 79.2.
The index can range from negative 50 to 150, and a reading above 50 indicates a growing economy. The Business Roundtable represents CEOs of the 200 largest U.S. corporations. The survey results are based on 144 responses received between Feb. 11 and March 1.
The Los Angeles Times contributed to this story