On his arrival in Vienna on Tuesday, Saudi Oil Minister Ali Naimi described the status quo as "the best environment for the market."
For analysts at Commerzbank in Frankfurt, that was a clear signal there would be little or no change in policy the Saudis are the main driver of OPEC policy. As such, said a Commerzbank note, it is "unlikely that Friday's OPEC meeting will result in any change to production policy."
Reinforcing that prediction, Libyan Oil Minister Abdelbari al-Arusi told reporters on Thursday that Friday's meeting will "maintain the production level and prices."
Beyond prices and output, though, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries faces other more complex issues, ranging from the ramp up in shale oil production in the U.S. and a potentially destabilizing spat between Saudi Arabia and Iran.
The rise in shale oil production in the U.S., the world's biggest economy, has an impact on OPEC as the country remains a main market for OPEC. Shale oil, which is extracted from rocks using heat, helped lift the U.S.'s total output up to a daily 7.4 million barrels per day this month.
The Paris-based International Energy Agency says total production could top 9 million barrels a day by 2018, which would mean near self-sufficiency for the U.S. as well as significantly less dependence on OPEC imports. It would also swell the U.S. influence on prices that OPEC polices have largely determined in the past.
Even so, OPEC will continue to be a major player on global crude supply as it still produces about a third of the world's oil. IEA chief Maria van der Hoeven said earlier this month that the organization "will remain an essential part of the oil mix for as long as we can tell."
Still, already frayed OPEC unity stands to further suffer as a result of fears of less dependency on its product.
OPEC powerhouse Saudi Arabia and its Gulf partners have the strength to adjust to cheaper oil prices. Naimi, the Saudi minister, recently said there was no need to fear new supplies because "there is enough (demand) to go around" for all oil exporters.
Others, such as Iran, Venezuela and some African producers, disagree, saying they need oil above $100 a barrel to do business.
Angola is among OPEC members that could suffer from less U.S. foreign oil dependency. But Angolan Oil Minister Jose Maria Botelho de Vasconcelos shrugged off any potential damage from that scenario Thursday, telling reporters that "there are other markets."
Divisions also exist along political lines.
Iran is losing hundreds of thousands of barrels a day in oil sales due to international embargoes related to its nuclear program. Along with Venezuela, the country is angry that Saudi Arabia has sought to plug the gap left by overproducing.
Ahead of Friday's meeting, Venezuelan oil minister Rafael Ramirez told reporters that some OPEC countries were producing above their quotas for "geopolitical reasons" an apparent allusion to the Saudis, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates.
Saudi-Iranian rivalries also continue to stymie OPEC attempts to appoint a new secretary-general, who is the organization's voice between ministerial meetings.
Iran has put forward Gholam-Hossein Nozari, a former oil minister, while Saudi Arabia is nominating OPEC veteran Majid El-Munif as its candidate.
Present Secretary General Abdullah Al-Badry of Libya has already been extended several times because of the deadlock, perhaps the most visible sign of cracks in the organization's facade of unity.
With no sign that either nation was withdrawing its candidate, attention was focusing on Iraqi contender Thamir Ghadhban as a possible compromise. But any decision was likely to be deferred to a future meeting.