"We couldn't be happier. We're so relieved that we're no longer being discriminated against. We're so happy that we can get married," said Lisa Dazols, who had a wedding celebration earlier this month but postponed her honeymoon while she and her partner waited to see if the state would sanction their marriage.
"We're really just a couple who are in love, who want equality like everyone else, so it's a very exciting day for us," she said.
It remained unclear, however, when gay marriages might start again in the state. Backers of the ban known as Proposition 8 have 25 days to ask the Supreme Court to reconsider its decision. A midlevel appeals court also must lift a hold it placed on the lower court order before the state can be free to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
Still, state officials moved quickly to signal their approval. Gov. Jerry Brown, who refused to defend Proposition 8 as governor and in his previous job as attorney general, said he had directed the California Department of Public Health to start issuing licenses to gay couples as soon as the hold ordered by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals is lifted.
State Attorney General Kamala Harris went even further, publicly urging the appellate court to act ahead of the final word from the Supreme Court.
"I'm absolutely saying that if the 9th Circuit lifts its stay before the 25 days, that marriages can resume in California, and shall resume in California," Harris said.
Without offering any specifics about their next move, lawyers for Proposition 8 sponsors insisted the attorney general and governor remained obligated by the California Constitution to enforce Proposition 8 and that Wednesday's ruling only legalized marriage for the two couples who sued to overturn the ban.
"Everyone understands that our opponents did not file this lawsuit to prove or demonstrate we did not have standing," said Austin Nimiocks, senior counsel for the Alliance Defending Freedom. "What was sought in this lawsuit was a 50-state mandate or to establish there is a fundamental right to same-sex marriage, which the Supreme Court did not rule today,"
David Boies, a lawyer for the couples behind the lawsuit, said any attempt by opponents to delay gay marriage would be futile because of the ruling involving California and another Supreme Court ruling on Wednesday that invalidated the Defense of Marriage Act, the federal law that prevents the U.S. government from granting marriage benefits to gay couples.
"The court agreed with us, and agreed with the district court, that the proponents did not have any interest, did not suffer any harm from marriage equality," Boles said. "So that decision, particularly in combination with the DOMA decision, means it's quite clear we are going to have marriage equality in all 50 states."
The battle over same-sex marriage in California has been in overdrive since 2004, when the then-mayor of San Francisco, Gavin Newsom, ordered city clerks to issue marriage licenses to gay couples.
Lawsuits that resulted from his decision prompted the California Supreme Court to overturn the state's man-woman marriage laws in 2008, making California the second state after Massachusetts to legalize gay marriage.
In anticipation, opponents of same-sex marriage qualified a proposed constitutional amendment for the ballot banning same-sex marriage. Proposition 8 passed with 52 percent of the vote in November 2008.
The Williams Institute, a think tank at UCLA, estimates that 18,000 couples got married in California in the four-and-a-half months that gay marriage was legal.
As hundreds of people gathered at San Francisco City Hall to applaud the Supreme Court ruling, City Attorney Dennis Herrera recalled how many fellow Democrats had criticized the action by him and Newsom as "too fast, too soon, too much."
"Well heck, now we have 12 states and the District of Columbia that have marriage equality, and now California will have it restored once again," he said.