On a drive to the basket by Oklahoma City's Jeremy Lamb, Kanter jumped trying to block the shot. He landed awkwardly, limped to the locker room with 10 minutes left in the game and did not return.
Before the Jazz played the Bulls, Kanter said, "I don't feel that bad. I feel just a little bit of soreness when I step on it."
According to coach Tyrone Corbin, Kanter told him he could play if needed.
"[But] we didn't think it would be a good idea," Corbin said.
The Jazz don't play again until Friday night, when they face Phoenix.
In Kanter's absence, Corbin started the same lineup against Chicago as he did at Oklahoma City. Marvin Williams opened at power forward, along with Trey Burke, Gordon Hayward, Richard Jefferson and Derrick Favors.
"We'll see if we can create some [favorable] matchups and pace," Corbin explained.
Burke's first start
Burke made the first start of his NBA career against Oklahoma City.
He finished with four points and four assists in 20 minutes while shooting 2-for-9 from the floor, including 0-for-4 in the first quarter.
Burke "just has to relax a little bit," Corbin said. "I thought he pressed [Sunday] night. He has to come off the pick-and-rolls looking to make plays instead of making shots. I thought he rushed his shots a little, before looking at the play."
The game was Burke's third with the Jazz. He missed the first 12 after suffering a fractured right index finger in the preseason.
"He will have some ups and downs," Corbin said.
After missing 16 of their 29 free throws against Oklahoma City, the Jazz were shooting only 69.1 percent from the foul line 29th among the 30 teams in the NBA.
Corbin believes his players are too concerned about other things like previous mistakes when they attempt their free throws.
"Let it go," he said. "... We've got to have a short memory. Guys are thinking about things too much. You can't have one thing go wrong and then have something else [bad] happen because you're thinking about that."