Coming in third among the top religion stories was the Supreme Court's 5-4 decision permitting gay marriage in California and ending the ban on federal employee benefits for same-sex couples. Within months of the June decision, the total number of states permitting same-sex marriage rose to 16, including Illinois and Hawaii.
Fourth on the list were the Obama administration's concessions to faith-based groups and businesses that objected to the contraception mandate in the Affordable Care Act. While opponents have reaped mixed results in lower courts, the Supreme Court has agreed to take Hobby Lobby's challenge.
And the fifth religion story of the year was the central role Islam has played in the Middle East after the Arab Spring. The Egyptian military ousted the Muslim Brotherhood-led government and cracked down on its supporters while Sunni Islamist fighters increased their role in Syria's opposition.
Here are the other stories that rounded out the Top 10:
6. The death of Nelson Mandela, icon of reconciliation and nonviolence, at the age of 95. He was remembered as a modern-day Moses who led his people out of racial bondage.
7. Religious-inspired attacks killed scores of people, with extremist Buddhist monks inciting attacks on Muslims in Myanmar and Muslim extremists targeting Christians in Egypt, Kenya and Pakistan.
8. More than one in five U.S. Jews now report having no religion, according to a landmark survey from the Pew Research Center.
9. The Boy Scouts of America, after much debate, voted to accept Scouts but not scoutmasters who are openly gay. Some evangelical leaders opposed the move while several Catholic leaders endorsed it.
10. Muslims joined other Americans in condemning a devastating bombing at the Boston Marathon by two young Muslim brothers.
More than 300 journalists were surveyed and more than 30 percent responded. The Religion Newswriters Association is dedicated to helping journalists write about religion with accuracy, insight and balance. Founded in 1949 and headquartered at the University of Missouri's School of Journalism, the association has conducted the Top 10 Religion News Stories of the Year survey for more than three decades.
LGBT magazine picks Pope Francis as its Person of the Year
The accolades keep rolling in: Pope Francis was named Person of the Year by The Advocate, the U.S.-based lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender-interest magazine.
It is the second Person of the Year honor in less than a week for the pontiff, who was named Time magazine's Person of the Year on Dec. 11.
But The Advocate's recognition of the pontiff is significant because an LGBT publication is such an unlikely place to find homage to a pope.
In its summary, the 46-year-old publication highlighted Francis' statement that "If someone is gay and seeks the Lord with good will, who am I to judge?"
"Pope Francis' stark change in rhetoric from his two predecessors … makes what he's done in 2013 all the more daring," The Advocate editors wrote, noting that both John Paul II and Benedict XVI had been listed among the magazine's "Phobie Awards" for anti-gay stances during their papacies.
Reflecting on Francis' time as a priest, bishop and cardinal, the magazine said his record on LGBT issues has been mixed: He once called marriage equality a "destructive attack on God's plan," and he has called adoption by same-sex couples a form of discrimination against children.
But because of the pope's influence as a world leader and his departure from the tone set by previous popes, the magazine's editors said Francis should be celebrated.
"Like it or not, what (the pope) says makes a difference," the editors wrote.
The Vatican press office, which said Time's honor of the pontiff was "unsurprising," declined to comment on the newest honor.
Religion News Service