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For many years, the LDS Church has discussed breaking away from the Boy Scouts of America, but the group's decision this week to admit "openly gay leaders" into its ranks may finally push the Utah-based faith to bolt.
LDS Church spokesman Eric Hawkins confirmed Tuesday that the 15 million-member Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is "considering creating its own international program for boys, separate from the Boy Scouts of America."
That could have dire financial consequences for BSA. The LDS Church is far and away the nation's largest Scouting sponsor, serving 437,160 boys in 37,933 troops.
In 2013, more than a third (37 percent) of troops were LDS sponsored, accounting for 18 percent of the BSA's 2.4 million total membership (Mormon troops, while more numerous, tend to be smaller in size).
An LDS Church withdrawal also could ruin the three Scout councils in Utah, which say between 96 percent and 99 percent of their members are in Mormon units.
These three Utah councils issued a joint statement Tuesday, saying, "We will not speculate on the outcome of the church's decision." It added, "Regardless of the outcome, we want to be part of the solution for LDS youth and all youth in the community. We will move forward in full support of the church's decisions and efforts while continuing our work."
The LDS Church explained some reasons why it is considering leaving in a news release Monday.
As a "global organization with members in 170 countries, the church has long been evaluating the limitations that fully one-half of its youth face where Scouting is not available," the release said. "Those worldwide needs combined with this vote by the BSA National Executive Board will be carefully reviewed by the leaders of the church in the weeks ahead."
The policy change approved Monday evening by the BSA's 80-member National Executive Board to allow "openly gay leaders" to serve in Scout troops "is inconsistent with the doctrines of the church," the release added, "and what have traditionally been the values of the Boy Scouts of America."
Although the LDS Church has allowed and does allow openly gay Mormons to serve in church assignments, including the Boy Scouts, these members are deemed to be living the faith's standards. This means they are not acting on their same-sex attractions.
The BSA's new policy, however, makes no such distinction between "openly gay" and "sexually active gay leaders." So a gay Scout leader could have a partner or a same-sex spouse and that troubles the Mormon brass.
While the BSA insists that religiously affiliated troops, including those sponsored by the LDS Church, can continue to ban gay leaders, many observers doubt such an exemption can be legally defended.
Other Christian groups, notably evangelicals, already have created their own substitutes for Scouting. But if the LDS Church leaves, the BSA would feel it in a big way especially in its bank account.
In Utah, the three councils say they have a combined 320,000 registered Scouts and adult leaders, the vast majority of whom are Mormon. Losing them could bring big financial blows to Scouting.
For example, the national BSA normally charges a $24 registration fee for each Scout and adult leader per year. The fee just for Mormon youths would cost $10.5 million a year. However, a statement from the Utah councils says those fees "are negotiated between the national BSA and the LDS Church. All registration fees are retained at the national BSA level."
In Utah, the Orem-based Utah National Parks Council says 99 percent of its Scouts are in LDS units. The Salt Lake City-based Great Salt Lake Council says 98 percent of its Scouts are. And the Ogden-based Trapper Trails Council says 96 percent of its youths are in Mormon-sponsored units.
Each year, the LDS Church supports a "Friends of Scouting" drive to ask members for donations to boost the local Scout councils money which could disappear if the faith leaves.
The Utah National Parks Council says the Friends of Scouting push provides 43 percent of its budget; the Trapper Trails Council says it generates 36 percent; and the Great Salt Lake Council receives 34 percent of its money from the effort.
"The large majority of Friends of Scouting funds come from LDS units," according to the joint statement from the councils.
Questions also arise about what may happen to the many Scout camps in Utah if the LDS Church exits the organization.
In response to Salt Lake Tribune questions, the local councils wrote, "All camp properties are either owned by the council or are leased properties from the Forest Service. Each council is a 501(c)3 corporation separate from the Boy Scouts of America or any other council. The properties would continue to serve Scouting and the needs of religious and other youth groups in our communities."
Of note, the three Utah councils also said "we are deeply disappointed that the LDS Church's request to delay the vote was not granted by the BSA National Executive Board." The church sought a delay because many of its top leaders are away on family vacations in July and it did not have the opportunity to discuss plans before the vote.
"We respect our chartered partners' rights and decisions, and we will continue to serve them in whatever capacity they need," the councils said. "We have and always will make it our priority to build and better the lives of local youth."
Meanwhile, Ronan James Head, a British Mormon, disputes the LDS Church's statement that "fully one-half of its youth" live in places "where Scouting is not available."
That's only true, he said, if you are talking about Mormon or male-only troops.
"Scouting is most assuredly available to the vast majority of Mormon youth, just not in Mormon troops," Head wrote at By Common Consent, a popular LDS blog. "There are over 30 million registered Scouts worldwide in over 200 countries (thus only 0.8 percent of Scouts are Mormon)."
Ironically, he said, "in some countries Mormon youth have a better chance of being a Scout than their LDS counterparts in the United States (who feel confined to Mormon Scouting) by virtue of Scouting being available to girls."
All this "concern over 'one-half of its youth' internationally (boys), Head wrote, "but seemingly little interest in the half of its non-Scouting youth in the U.S. (girls)."
In Canada, for example, "Scouting is open to girls," he said, "but the church won an exemption to run boys-only troops."
For his part, Mitch Mayne, a gay Latter-day Saint in the Bay Area, was disappointed by the church's response to the Scouts' move.
"Many inside the Mormon faith recognize the BSA announcement and the broader public policy changes for LGBT individuals as our Savior's hand bringing families closer together," Mayne wrote in an email, "a fundamental principle we recognize as important inside our religion."
The BSA policy change "explicitly included room for us, as Mormons, to continue to call Scout leaders we deem worthy according to our principles," he added, "a form of religious freedom that we've heralded as critical, and that we have been granted."
Given that, the church's statement seems "more than just unnecessary it feels angry, afraid and punitive," Mayne said. "These are not qualities most of us associate with our Savior."