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The 2002 Salt Lake Olympics were a model for enforcing a clean Olympics. Nine athletes were banned before or during the competition. Following the Games, when a housekeeper found transfusion equipment where Austrian athletes had been staying, local authorities worked with Olympic officials. The trainers and coaches involved were banned from future Olympics. This may not be the case in Rio this summer, which could turn out to be the dirtiest Olympics.

A documentary March 6 on German TV station ARD showed that Russian coaches who have been banned for doping still have their jobs, and claimed that Russian officials are tipping off athletes prior to what are supposed to be random drug tests. Sebastian Coe, the British gold medal runner who now is president of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), told Reuters, "We discussed the contents of that program, and the task force members are very concerned and investigating further."

A final decision on banning Russia's track team from Rio, for illegal doping, will be made June 17 by the IAAF, the world track governing body. Back in November, the IOC and the IAAF voted for Russia's ban. USA Track and Field (USATF) is an important member of IAAF. The world organizations and we should vote to keep the ban.

With under four months to go until athletes compete in Rio, Russia shows little effort to rid itself of performance enhancing drugs and blood doping despite the temporary ban. They are making the predictable claims of cleaning up. But the country whose leader, Vladimir Putin, brought disgraced and now indicted world soccer head Sepp Blatter to Moscow and called him "very respected" and someone who "should be awarded the Nobel Prize" despite the now-public under the table money for winning bids, has little credibility.

Rune Anderson, who heads a five-person task force that is reviewing Russian actions following November's suspension, said that Russia has made "significant progress." So you can hear the waffling beginning.

"Significant progress" must mean monitored testing, proof of action against dopers past and present and firings of trainers and coaches clearly complicit.

Dick Pound, founder of the World Anti-Doping Agency, said March 9, "My guess is Russia may not make it back for Rio. The IAAF and WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) are not going to risk their reputations by rolling over and playing dead." Pound added, "There seems to be some evidence that they (Russia) are just changing deck chairs on the Titanic." If Pound means what he says, he needs to stand his ground. Though a formidable anti-drug warrior, Pound is also an IOC loyalist, an IOC member and former vice president who has negotiated multi-billion dollar television contracts for the Olympics.

With so little time to go until the Games, it appears that the only way Russian track and field gets back in is the same leverage of money to the IOC that Blatter, now fired and indicted, used to pick World Cup sites including Russia. Russia has a lot of money. But the Olympics could survive without it if it wants to be an inspiration to the youth of the world. And all their other sports teams besides track would still compete.

Here's something that could work, if IAAF and IOC courage does fail: Russia could be allowed in "provisionally." Every Russian athlete who participates should be tested by WADA a month before the games, and again three days before. Athletes should not only be banned for failed tests, but evidence-based findings from witnesses, as Lance Armstrong and Marion Jones were outed and banned by WADA and USADA. Even if the athletes cover up doping with masking agents, large numbers of witnesses aren't lying in court-mandated depositions. That new evidence-based strategy has made a tremendous difference in catching cheaters.

The IOC and IAAF should use the example of USATF. America has been the gold standard. We are not afraid to bust and ban, because it shows a priority of clean sport. Even in masters track, for older athletes in their own competitions, USATF has banned cheaters who tested positive.

The USA can lead. America provides the biggest TV contracts and the most sponsor money to the Olympics. Russia must show evidence that it is no longer doping. Saying you have a plan is not enough. Taking "significant steps" does not mean just talking about cleaning up, it's actually doing it.

Robert Weiner was spokesman for the White House National Drug Policy Office and directed WADA media outreach at the Salt Lake Olympics in 2002 and White House Olympic drug media at Sydney 2000. Ben Lasky is a sports policy analyst at Solutions for Change.