This is an archived article that was published on sltrib.com in 2017, and information in the article may be outdated. It is provided only for personal research purposes and may not be reprinted.
House Republicans may be endangering the Endangered Species Act (ESA), but that does not mean they are driving endangered species to their prospective graves. Recently the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced its support for a package of ESA reform bills. During the announcement, acting Director Greg Sheehan said, "The administration is committed to making the ESA work for the American people."
These bills are a sign that Republicans are looking to follow through with their campaign promises to revise the policies governing species conservation. Critics, however, fear this will imperil the more than 2,000 species listed under the act. Given the act's uncertain future, private efforts will remain crucial to endangered species recovery.
Though the ESA is hailed as a monumental piece of legislation designed to stem the loss of species, listing a species under the act does not actively encourage its proliferation. That's one reason why only 1.5 percent of listed species have been delisted due to recovery. But all hope is not lost. For half of listed species, 80 percent of their habitat is on private land and that's good news for endangered wildlife. Voluntary conservation of species and their habitat is already happening on private lands across America, and those efforts are poised to continue with or without the ESA.
A recent report by Strata highlights six successful examples of private organizations working to help conserve endangered species. One such group is the American Prairie Reserve, a non-profit organization working to create a nature preserve that, when completed, will encompass an area of Montana's northern plains 1.5 times the size of Yellowstone National Park. The reserve raises funds to purchase private lands and also works to obtain leases on public lands. So far, American Prairie Reserve is home to more than 400 animal species, including endangered and threatened species like the long-eared myotis and the piping plover. The reserve has also worked to reintroduce bison, a keystone species considered "near-threatened" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Other voluntary conservation efforts have been started by passionate individuals who want to help preserve species that are often overlooked. The Ugly Animal Preservation Society uses humor to draw attention to non-charismatic species that lack cultural significance or public appeal, using the mantra "We can't all be pandas." The group of comedians even held a "world's ugliest animal" competition to promote these species, with the winning blobfish being featured in media outlets worldwide.
As stories like these demonstrate, there are people who value the environment and are willing to donate time, money and effort to preserve endangered species. But there are still policies in place that make it difficult for private conservation of endangered species to take off. A report by the Property and Environment Research Center proposes several opportunities to encourage species conservation on private lands.
First, the Interior Department should facilitate the use of voluntary agreements, such as conservation easements and habitat rental agreements, whereby private landowners are financially rewarded for enhancing species habitat. In addition, the department should walk back regulatory expansions that discourage private conservation investments, such as the designation of critical habitat on private property that is actually inhospitable for protected species anyway.
Instead of punishing private landowners, we should do more to incentivize voluntary conservation of endangered species and their habitats so that innovative solutions like those created by the American Prairie Reserve and the Ugly Animal Preservation Society can thrive. Reforming federal policies that discourage those who care about endangered species from taking action would be a step in the right direction.
Hannah Downey is a research and policy fellow at the Property and Environment Research Center in Bozeman, Mont. Megan Hansen is director of policy at Strata in Logan, Utah.