This is an archived article that was published on in 2004, and information in the article may be outdated. It is provided only for personal research purposes and may not be reprinted.

LOS ANGELES - Funk legend Rick James, best known for the 1981 hit ''Super Freak'' before his career disintegrated amid drug use and violence that sent him to prison, died Friday. He was 56.

James died in his sleep at his residence near Universal City, said publicist Sujata Murthy. James lived alone and was found dead by his personal assistant, who notified police, she said.

Police and Murthy believe James died of natural causes. The exact cause was not immediately released.

''There'll be an autopsy and we'll find that out shortly,'' Murthy said.

Publicist Maureen O'Connor, speaking on behalf of James' three children, said they believed he died of heart failure.

''He passed away peacefully in his sleep,'' O'Connor said.

''I think he was really fantastic, he was a creator,'' singer Little Richard told MSNBC.

''He made a lot of people happy, he made a lot of friends and a lot of people got famous through his music,'' he said, referring to sampling by hip-hop artists such as MC Hammer, who used the ''Super Freak'' bass line in his hit ''U Can't Touch This.''

The song earned James and Hammer the Grammy for best R&B song in 1990.

''Today the world mourns a musician and performer of the funkiest kind,'' said Neil Portnow, president of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. ''Grammy winner Rick James was a singer, songwriter and producer whose performances were always as dynamic as his personality. The 'Super Freak' of funk will be missed.''

James had hit songs and albums from the 1970s into the '80s, but by the following decade his fame began to fade as he became embroiled in legal problems and health troubles.

James was convicted in 1993 of assaulting two women. The first attack occurred in 1991 when he restrained and burned a young woman with a hot pipe during a cocaine binge at his house in West Hollywood. He was free on bail when the second assault occurred in 1992 in James' hotel room.

James served more than two years in Folsom Prison.

In 1997, he released a new album, but a year later he suffered a stroke while performing at Denver's Mammoth Events Center, derailing a comeback tour.

In 1998 he also underwent hip replacement surgery.

James was born James A. Johnson Jr. in Buffalo, N.Y. He had long been reported to have been born in 1952, but according to his Web site and police he was born on Feb. 1, 1948.

James went to work for Motown in the 1970s and got the chance to record an album, ''Come and Get It,'' which was released in 1978 and produced the hit ''You and I.'' He followed with ''Bustin' out of L Seven,'' which had a hit with the single ''Bustin' Out,'' and another popular LP, ''Fire it Up.''

His hits in 1980 included the album ''Garden of Love'' and the singles ''Fool on the Street,'' ''Love Gun,'' ''Come into My Life,'' and ''Big Time.'' The following year came the well-received album ''Street Songs'' and the hits ''Give It to Me Baby'' and ''Super Freak.''

James was not married, Murthy said. He is survived by daughter Ty, sons Rick Jr. and Tazman, and granddaughters Jasmine and Charisma.