Late payments on credit cards issued by Bank of America, JPMorgan Chase and Citigroup also improved at a record pace at the end of last year, according to an analysis by Barclays Capital.
The reports are a sign that Americans are feeling more comfortable about their finances. Personal spending powers about 70 percent of the U.S. economy, and most economists say a fiscally fit consumer is critical to a strong economic recovery.
The bank news comes after a holiday shopping season in which spending was the strongest since 2006, and auto sales grew 11 percent last year, the first gains since 2005.
Citigroup said loan losses fell 11 percent from the previous quarter as more of its customers kept up with payments. It was the sixth straight quarter of declining losses, allowing the bank to release $2.3 billion from the reserves it sets aside for bad loans and helping it to report a profit. JPMorgan and Wells have also reported bigger profits because they could release loan reserves.
Fewer customers were late on their monthly mortgage payments. The portion of Citi's home loans that were 90 days overdue fell to 2.1 percent from 2.7 percent. And the bank set aside $4.8 billion for future losses, the lowest since the spring of 2007 and a sign it is more hopeful about the recovery.
Despite the encouraging trends, banks are still reluctant to loosen lending. Credit reporting agency Transunion estimates that 8 million Americans who had credit cards a year ago don't have them now, either by choice or because they were cut off. Banks slashed credit lines and closed millions of credit card accounts in response to regulations passed after the financial crisis.
Also on Wednesday, Goldman Sachs Group Inc., which does business mostly with companies rather than individuals, turned in weak fourth-quarter results. Goldman advises companies on raising cash for business expansion and mergers and acquisitions.
The investment bank's chief financial officer, David Viniar, said in a conference call that its corporate clients seemed increasingly uncertain as the year progressed. He also said that increasing uncertainty in the world economy made it difficult to predict how confident companies would be in the near future.