Utah's guest-worker bill, which isn't scheduled to take effect until July 2013, also calls for the revocation of a business license after the company has had three violations of hiring undocumented workers. The first violation would come with a $100 fine for each undocumented employee, and a second violation would carry a $500 fine for each worker. The law also caps the fines at $10,000.
But Utah's law also goes a step further than what Arizona passed in 2007. It establishes a state-run verification program called U-verify and would require businesses to register with it.
The guest-worker bill, sponsored by Rep. Bill Wright, R-Holden, is currently the subject to a repeal movement and has been criticized as unconstitutional by groups ranging from the American Civil Liberties Union to tea party members. However, it was supported by a swath of religious, business and political groups as a comprehensive and compassionate approach to dealing with illegal immigration.
It also has several other components, including a fine-based system that would allow undocumented immigrants already in Utah to pay a $1,000 penalty for overstaying a visa and a $2,500 fine for entering the country and living in Utah without documents.
Bill supporters have set a start date of 2013 to give the state time to try to work out a deal with the federal government to allow Utah to run the guest-worker program despite critics' belief it is in violation of the U.S. Constitution's supremacy clause.