"The world today," Salazar said, "should just simply stand back and say, 'Wow, how did they do it?' "
The development covers 163,000 acres, much of it previously disturbed by drilling, and the company will turn up soil on only 5 percent of the undisturbed acreage. The 3,675-well potential represents a significant boost to state output that just passed 10,000 oil and gas wells at the end of 2011.
Salazar used the election-year moment to emphasize the Obama administration's advances in energy security. He said the nation slashed its oil imports by 10 percent, or a million barrels a day, in 2011, while cranking up natural gas output by 7 percent.
SUWA attorney Steve Bloch agreed that the plan is a good model for "win-win" development, protecting "one of Utah's most remarkable wilderness resources" for hunters and paddlers on the White River.
"It's an oasis in the desert," he said, "and a shrinking oasis."
Anadarko project manager Brad Holly said his company is grateful for the chance to develop a relationship with SUWA.
But the collaboration on this project hardly ends controversy over the administration's leasing and drilling policies for Utah. SUWA opposes another upcoming approval, of the Gasco project on the West Tavaputs Plateau, because it infringes on Desolation Canyon, a popular rafting launch on the Green River. Asked about that plan, Abbey acknowledged continued conflict, but said the project will be defensible.
"We did take the comments that we received to heart," Abbey said. "At the end of the day, there still may not necessarily be consensus."
Bloch later said that comment disappointed him, because it seems to indicate that the BLM is about to reward a company for refusing to negotiate as Anadarko did.
From Washington, Rep. Rob Bishop, R-Utah, praised the Anadarko project but criticized the administration for other impediments to drilling, including new national standards for hydraulic fracturing.
"This is good news for Utah and undoubtedly provides a glimmer of hope that all is not lost with this administration's policies on public-land use," Bishop said in anews release. "However, more can and should be done."
At full production, the Greater Natural Buttes field is expected to produce 3 percent to 4 percent of the Rocky Mountain region's gas. Holly said it is Anadarko's largest producer.