Asset-based lending helps businesses that have a high percentage of current assets, have seasonal or cyclical natures and are looking to expand their business or need more flexible financing. Startup businesses, fast-growth companies, businesses with minimal assets and businesses with either bad credit or poor sales history are particularly suited for accounts-receivable financing.
What are the advantages of traditional versus alternative lending?
Generally speaking, lending is fairly simple. It's best viewed as a continuum with the components of price, liquidity, control and sources of repayment. There are trade-offs with each of these components based on the type of traditional or alternative financing. A traditional bank line or an alternative form, such as an asset-based loan or accounts-receivable financing, are all effective tools for access to working capital. The tool chosen should be the one most appropriate for a business' needs.
A traditional line of credit will generally give the borrower the lowest rate, if the business has high credit worthiness, a strong cash situation and a reasonable flow of receivables. Traditional financing is typically for small businesses that have short-term cash-flow issues, seasonal purchases or other last-minute financing needs.
Asset-based lending leverages the accounts receivable, inventory and other assets as collateral to qualify a business for a flexible line of credit. An asset-based loan can make more funds available because it is not based strictly on the anticipated levels of cash flow, and the structure often requires fewer covenants, providing more flexibility. Underwriting is based on the financial strength of the borrower, the quality of the assets and the creditworthiness of the business's customers.
Accounts-receivable financing (also known as factoring) allows a business to gain liquidity through its invoices. Instead of waiting 30 to 90 days for an invoice to be paid, a business uses its accounts receivable as collateral for a lender to advance funds against. It's based on the creditworthiness of the client's customer and payment ability. There are generally no financial covenants. AR lenders take on much of the debt collection, reducing the burden and expense of collecting from no-pay or slow-pay clients.
Explain the disadvantages.
Companies that rely on traditional financing can be subject to a finite amount of liquidity and more constraints and risk. Traditional underwriting is typically based solely on the borrower's creditworthiness. Traditional lenders control through financial statements and audits, and primarily rely on the company and owners for repayment. Asset-based lending interest rates are slightly higher. The fact that it is based on a company's current assets may not provide concessions for asset depreciation. Accounts-receivable financing is the highest-priced product. The fees and discount a company must pay should be weighed against the cost to collect and the loss when customers aren't paying in a timely fashion.
For more information on lending programs, contact a local commercial lender, the Commercial Finance Association (www.cfa.com) or the International Factoring Association (www.factoring.org). Eric Myers, banker