On Jan. 29, 1863, hundreds of Native American women, children and men were slaughtered by U.S. cavalrymen on the banks of the Bear River in southern Idaho.
The murdered innocents have remained anonymous to modern-day Utahns until this week, when the names of 40 of the victims were read aloud at the site by their relatives. The names were kept in their memories through Shoshone oral traditions, and archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints yielded records taken from some survivors who later joined the church.
For more than a century the horrible massacre was wrongly called The Battle of Bear River. But it was no battle. The soldiers of the U.S. Army's 3rd California Volunteers surrounded the Shoshone village at dawn while the people slept and shot, stabbed and bludgeoned the villagers through the early morning hours.