After Franco and Hathaway the Oscars returned last year to the tried and true eight-time host Billy Crystal and faced criticism that the reliable had become the stodgy.
To some ears, MacFarlane's material which included a song-and-dance about breast-baring actresses, a domestic violence joke involving Rihanna and Chris Brown, and references to Mel Gibson's racial slurs didn't make the grade.
"If you're going to the edge, you have to be funny," said comic Joy Behar on "The View" Monday. "To me, I love Seth, but it wasn't funny enough."
Behar's colleague, Whoopi Goldberg a four-time Oscars host had a bit more empathy, noting that people in MacFarlane's position have a tough line to walk. The Oscars can't force a younger audience to be interested just by hiring a younger host, she said, and a younger host has to know the audience that is out there.
Robert Thompson, director of Syracuse University's Bleier Center for Television and Popular Culture, agreed that MacFarlane's was a difficult position.
"Your job description is that you are trying to appeal to people who are not necessarily watching the Oscars to get them to watch, and at the same time appeal to people who are actually watching it," he said. "That's not an easy thing to do."
Nielsen did not immediately have an estimate of the show's audience. Its preliminary indications were that the audience was similar to last year's, but there was an increase in younger viewers.
The telecast was likely also propelled by the second screen experience, which has steadily grown in recent years as a driver of ratings for major live TV events. Twitter said that there were a total of 8.9 million tweets about the Academy Awards during the show and red carpet arrivals. That fell short of both the Grammys earlier in the month (more than 14 million tweets) and the record 24.1 million tweets about the recent Super Bowl and halftime show.
Arguably MacFarlane's most offensive joke, measured by the audience's groans, referred to actors who had tried to play Abraham Lincoln over the years. "I would argue that the actor who really got inside Lincoln's head was John Wilkes Booth," MacFarlane said of Lincoln's assassin.
In addition, a pre-taped song about movies where famous actresses displayed their breasts was seen by some women as sexist and a much-echoed criticism of MacFarlane's Oscar performance.
"Watching the Oscars last night meant sitting through a series of crudely sexist antics led by a scrubby, self-satisfied Seth MacFarlane. That would be tedious enough," wrote the New Yorker's Amy Davidson. "But the evening's misogyny involved a specific hostility to women in the workplace, which raises broader questions than whether the Academy can possibly get Tina Fey and Amy Poehler to host next year. It was unattractive and sour, and started with a number called 'We Saw Your Boobs.'"
On Monday, the Anti-Defamation League added itself to the list of those offended by MacFarlane, protesting his joke, through the teddy bear character in MacFarlane's movie "Ted," about Jewish control over Hollywood. The bear, voiced by MacFarlane, claimed he was "born Theodore Shapiro and I would like to donate money to Israel and continue to work in Hollywood forever."
MacFarlane seemed completely aware of what he was doing, and there were no indications he pulled any surprises. The motion picture academy granted him complete freedom to write the show as he saw fit but did see MacFarlane's routines ahead of time. The Academy had no immediate comment when contacted on Monday about MacFarlane's performance.
Some critics figured MacFarlane was in a can't- win situation. Brought on to deliver "edge," and perhaps some of the younger movie audience that enjoyed "Ted," he was little-known to a large portion of the Academy Awards audience. They didn't know his style of humor, either.
"For a guy who had the deck stacked against him before he started, MacFarlane did a surprisingly impressive job," wrote critic Tim Goodman in the Hollywood Reporter.
Critic Frazier Moore of The Associated Press said MacFarlane went back and forth between the Bad Seth and Good Seth throughout the night and gave high marks to both.
"Both were very funny, stewarding a broadcast that never went askew," Moore wrote.
Associated Press Writer Jake Coyle in New York contributed to this report.