Obama sat next to his newly confirmed Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, with new Treasury Secretary Jack Lew across the long oval table, next to Vice President Joe Biden. Obama said his team also planned to discuss other priorities for his second term, including immigration reform, gun control and expansion of funding for preschool.
Obama's spokesman was more pointed in his comments on sequestration in a briefing preceding the Cabinet meeting. White House press secretary Jay Carney said it's remarkable some Republicans are calling the deep government-wide cuts a win for the conservative tea party, or for Republicans stood up to the president.
Carney said the cuts go against conventional GOP goals of increasing defense spending and border security. He also said the cuts do nothing to address Republican priorities for long-term deficit reduction or tax reform.
Obama "hopes that having achieved this empty victory, at least as they see it, the Republicans will understand that their goals are being unmet here," Carney told reporters. "So not only are Americans suffering from this, regular folks, but their objectives are being unmet and there's an opportunity to change that dynamic."
The Senate's Republican leader, Mitch McConnell, on Sunday called those cuts modest, and House Speaker John Boehner said he wasn't certain that they will hurt the economy.
"This modest reduction of 2.4 percent in spending over the next six months is a little more than the average American experienced just two months ago, when their own pay went down when the payroll tax holiday expired," McConnell said on CNN's "State of the Union."
"I don't know whether it's going to hurt the economy or not," Boehner said on NBC's "Meet the Press." "I don't think anyone quite understands how the sequester is really going to work."
White House economic adviser Gene Sperling said the pain will be felt eventually. "On Day One, it will not be as harmful as it will be over time," he said.
Both parties are casting blame on the other for the automatic, across-the-board spending cuts but gave little guidance on what to expect in the coming weeks. Republicans and Democrats pledged to retroactively undo the cuts, but signaled no hints as to how that process would start to take shape. Republicans insisted there would be no new taxes and Democrats refused to talk about any bargain without them.
All of this comes ahead of a new, March 27 deadline to deal with the question of funding the government and a debt-ceiling clash coming in May.
Obama has phoned lawmakers but it isn't clear to what end, and the White House would not say who Obama is calling.
Obama and the Republicans have been fighting over federal spending since the opposition party regained control of the House of Representatives in the 2010 midterm elections. The budget cuts were designed in 2011 to be so ruthless that both sides would be forced to find a better deal, but they haven't despite two years to find a compromise.
The $85 billion in cuts apply to the remainder of the 2013 fiscal year, which ends Sept. 30. But without a deal they will continue slashing government spending by about $1 trillion more over a 10-year period.
Associated Press writer Philip Elliott contributed to this report.
Pentagon to furlough teachers, cut commissary time
The Pentagon says it will be forced to furlough about 15,000 military school teachers and staff around the world because of the automatic budget cuts that took effect last Friday, but the department will manage the process so that the schools don't lose their accreditation.
Pentagon press secretary George Little says the military will also close all of the commissaries on bases around the world for one extra day each week. They are currently open six days a week.
Teachers will likely have to take a day off each week, since the school day can't legally be shortened.
Little says the cuts, which run through September, will have an impact on the current school year and the one that will begin in August or September.
The Associated Press