London • British novelist Tom Sharpe, who satirized everything from apartheid to academe in a series of best-sellers, has died at 85.
Sharpe's Spanish publisher, Anagrama, said he died early Thursday in the Catalan town where he lived. Spanish newspapers said he had been suffering from diabetes.
Born in 1928, Sharpe sharpened his satirical ax as a young man working in South Africa. He was deported in 1961 for criticizing the apartheid regime.