The 236-page report and Sopko's summary provide one of the watchdog agency's most critical appraisals of U.S. performance in helping to build a stable Afghanistan as the Pentagon prepares to withdraw combat troops by the end of next year.
"There appears to be a growing gap between the policy objectives of Washington and the reality of achieving them in Afghanistan, especially when the government must hire and oversee contractors to perform its mission," said Sopko, whose post was mandated by Congress. The U.S. has 60,000 troops in Afghanistan, with plans to reduce the number to 34,000 by February.
Sopko expressed pessimism that the U.S. can maintain effective oversight of billions of dollars in reconstruction spending as forces are withdrawn. The Obama administration has requested $10.7 billion in such funding for fiscal 2014 to cover a variety of projects.
According to the report, Sopko's agency "has found it impossible to confirm" the number of contracts awarded in a $32 million program to install barricades, bars or gratings in culverts at about 2,500 Afghan locations to prevent insurgents from placing roadside bombs. The explosives are the biggest killer of U.S. and Afghan troops.
The policy to create an effective Afghan army "will remain hollow unless Washington pays equal attention to proper contracting and procurement activities to sustain those forces," Sopko said.
As of March, 40,315 of the personnel working under Pentagon contracts in Afghanistan, or about 37 percent, were Afghan locals, according to the report.
Regarding the 43 cases of contractors with militant connections, Sopko said the Army should "enforce the rule of common sense" in its suspension and debarment program. "They may be enemies of the United States, but that is not enough to keep them from getting government contracts," according to the agency's report.
The Army's procurement-fraud branch reviewed the 43 cases late last year, Matthew Bourke, a service spokesman, said in a statement. The reviewers "did not include enough supporting evidence to initiate suspension and debarment under federal acquisition regulations," he said.
Sopko said the Army "appears to believe that suspension or debarment of these individuals and companies would be a violation of their due-process rights if based on classified information" or on Commerce Department reports.
In a report issued Monday, Sopko said $47 million that the U.S. Agency for International Development has spent on a program to stabilize Afghanistan hasn't dealt with the sources of instability. An audit showed that after 16 months, none of the agency's essential program objectives have been reached and the money spent has mostly financed workshops and training sessions. The project is aimed at bolstering Afghanistan's government before troop withdrawals.
The failure of the State Department agency to use the money for grants has left local Afghan communities disappointed and may feed greater instability, according to the audit.
Pentagon: Afghan military will need more help
Washington • The Pentagon is telling Congress that although Afghanistan's military is getting stronger, it will still require much more training as well as financial help after the U.S. and NATO combat mission ends next year. The Pentagon's statement comes amid debate about the White House's reluctance to announce how many if any U.S. forces should remain in Afghanistan beyond 2014 to help Afghan forces hold off the Taliban. White House officials have held out the possibility that no U.S. forces would stay, but no decision has been made. In a twice yearly report to Congress, the Pentagon said Tuesday that it will be difficult to judge whether Afghanistan can keep the upper hand against the Taliban until the exact size of a post-2014 U.S. military presence is determined.
The Associated Press