The United States again on Tuesday rejected the allegations that it is trying to destabilize this South American nation.
State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said Venezuela's government delivered a diplomatic note to the U.S. Embassy in Caracas on Monday night that said it had declared the U.S. charge d'affaires, the political officer and the consular officer personas non grata. She said the three were given 48 hours to leave Venezuela.
Psaki said the U.S. might take reciprocal action in accordance with the Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations and on consular relations but was still considering what action to take.
She said the allegations were related to the U.S. Embassy workers' travel to Bolivar state, which is home to troubled state-owned foundries and Venezuela's main hydroelectric plant.
"They were there conducting normal diplomatic engagement, as we've said in the past and should come as no surprise," Psaki said.
"We, of course, maintain regular contacts across the Venezuelan political spectrum. And we maintain a broad perspective on Venezuela and travel frequently, of course. That's what diplomats do. So there was nothing out of the ordinary about that. And that was part of their accusations," she said.
Expelled with Keiderling, the top embassy official in the absence of an ambassador, were consular officer David Moo and Elizabeth Hoffman, who works in the embassy's political section.
Speaking Tuesday from the government palace, Maduro said that "while the government of the United States does not understand that it has to respect our country's sovereignty there will be simply be no cordial relations nor cordial communication."
"The day that the government of President (Barack) Obama rectifies the situation we will establish new points of contact to discuss common issues," said Maduro, the hand-picked successor to late President Hugo Chavez.
On Monday, Maduro said a group of embassy officials that his government had been following for months was "dedicated to meeting with the Venezuelan extreme right, to financing it and feeding its actions to sabotage the electrical system and the Venezuela economy."
Venezuela's economy is increasingly struggling ahead of the Dec. 8 elections. Annual inflation is at more than 45 percent and the government is running short of foreign currency.
The oil-rich OPEC member country has been plagued by worsening power outages since 2010. The opposition blames neglect and poor maintenance, while alleging mismanagement and corruption at struggling state-owned aluminum, iron and bauxite foundries in Bolivar.
Maduro has blamed sabotage by the "extreme right" for both the blackouts and for food shortages, but he has provided no evidence. Like Chavez, he has a history of making unsubstantiated accusations against the United States and his political opponents.