"Payments in Lieu of Taxes" (PILT) are federal payments to local governments that help offset income loss. PILT recognizes the inability of local governments to collect property taxes on federally owned lands that could create a financial impact to local communities.
The federal government has distributed more than $6.3 billion since 1977. Nevada alone has received $375 million in PILT since 1977. In Nevada, in 2013, $23,331,913 was allocated. Clark County alone received $4,826,655.
Under the Taylor Grazing Act of 1976, ranchers are granted permits and receive "preference" to renew at the end of 10 years. They do not obtain title to federal lands nor do they have exclusive rights to federal lands.