"I found a curious thing as I started to research this history," wrote Webb, whose "The Forwards Darted Like Flashes: The History of Soccer in Utah" can be read in its entirety at the Utah Soccer Association's website at www.utahsoccer.org. "If you look at any [Utah] history, even a history of sports, soccer seemingly does not exist."
Webb said that noted Utah sports historian Larry Gerlach of the University of Utah claims little knowledge of the sport in the state. Histories of a place such as Eureka, where soccer flourished at one time, never mention the sport, focusing instead on baseball. Soccer isn't mentioned in the Utah History Encyclopedia. Webb found it almost impossible to find anything about Utah in national books on the sport in America or at the National Hall of Fame and Museum in New York.
Yet the first Utah soccer team appeared in 1882, roughly six years before the sport was introduced in Brazil, now host of the World Cup and a world power in the sport.
Rediscovering the early days • Webb seemed like a strange person to pour through old digitalized newspapers and obscure accounts to put together a 67-page compilation of the sport in the state. He is known more as Utah's top river historian and said he's never been much of a sports fan. But his daughter played competitive soccer and his wife came from soccer hotbed Germany.
He said researching the paper "reintroduced me to the joys of research."
What Webb found was that soccer was often as popular as better-known American sports such as baseball and football. In its earliest Utah days, the sport took advantage of a combination of ethnic "gentile" miners and Mormon converts coming into the state from Europe, and games managed to draw large crowds and were regularly covered by Utah newspapers.
"From the 1890s to World War II, soccer was as big a sport in urban Utah as any other, and was played by people as diverse as roughneck miners in hardscrabble camps and school kids in small communities such as Monroe, Richfield, Vernal and even Panguitch," wrote Webb.
After World War I, immigrant teams such as the Caledonians from Great Britain, the Vikings from Norway (which included famous Utah skiers such as Alf, Karre and Sverre Engen), AC Germania from Germany and Hollandia from the Netherlands proved dominant.
In competition Webb calls "the Mormons versus the Miners," the largely Mormon immigrant teams often competed against ethnic "gentile" miners from Carbon County, Park City, Bingham Canyon and Eureka for trophies such as the Daynes and Schubach Cups that symbolized Utah supremacy in the sport.
Webb found more than 50 teams playing in Utah before World War II, with games often drawing thousands of spectators to venues such as the University of Utah football stadium, the old baseball park called Derks Field, Lorin Farr Park in Ogden and Fairmont Park in Salt Lake City. When American football was banned at Civilian Conservation Corps camps in Utah during the Depression, workers began to play soccer.
Even inmates at the old Utah State Prison in Sugar House formed a team, though the local joke was that the club could only play home games.
For the love of the game • Conditions in the early days of the game could be difficult as well. Grass fields were rare and equipment primitive. Jim Haner, the author of the book "Soccerhead: An Accidental Journey Into the Heart of the American Game," described some of the early soccer balls used in the sport this way:
"The ball back then was made of cowhide and on the frozen tundra of a cinder oval in November, it took on the force of a nine-pound cannonball. Even minor miscalculations could to lead to a major injury."
Webb wrote that Peter Hughes, who played in Salt Lake City for the Caledonians in the 1950s, remembered that the leather ball would get so heavy when it was wet it took great force to pass it and that if you headed the ball the wrong way, you were left with the marks made by the stitches for several days.
Webb also documents the stories of some interesting characters whose efforts allowed soccer to continue in the state.
There was Harold Turville, an English immigrant who not only organized soccer teams but eloquently wrote about the sport for the Salt Lake Telegram. Hermann Neumann, founder of AC Germania who came to Utah from his native Germany in 1929, promoted the sport by forming high school leagues in Salt Lake City, staging exhibition games and parades and calling in soccer scores to Utah newspapers every Saturday. Arthur Zander sold hard-to-find soccer equipment he imported from Europe out of the basement of his home across the street from Fairmont Park. Bill Bosgraaf, the president of the Utah Soccer Association, came from The Netherlands in 1960 and promptly became a force in the sport.
The sport explodes in the '70s • Webb credits three things for the explosion of soccer interest in Utah that began in the 1970s and continues to this day. He said the adoption of Title IX requiring equal access to sports for women, the influx of Latino immigrants into Utah, and the rise of the youth soccer movement helped the sport. In Salt Lake City alone, there are three Hispanic soccer leagues, each with 30 to 40 teams.
"Soccerhead" author Haner also wrote that Baby Boomer parents wanted their kids to be involved in sports but didn't want them to get hurt or rejected by trying out for the traditional American sports such as football, baseball and basketball.
When the Utah High School Activities Association gave official sanction to boys' and girls' soccer teams in 1982, that also proved to be a boon to the sport.
While Real Salt Lake came on the scene in 2004 and has become a popular mainstay on the Utah sports scene, Webb wrote about other attempts to bring professional soccer into the state. The first came in 1976 when a team called the Golden Spikers which included Dee Benson, now a federal judge was given a franchise in the American Soccer League.
They would be followed by the Utah Sting, who played at Derks Field, the Utah Blitzz of the United Soccer League, World Indoor Soccer League team Utah Freezz, and Women's Premier Soccer League team the Utah Spiders.
RSL, though, has proved to be the most successful, especially since Rio Tinto Stadium opened in 2008.
The sport in Utah, indeed, has come a long way since the early mining camp days, moving from an activity considered somewhat foreign to the mainstream.
Twitter: @tribtomwharton Utah soccer facts
• Utah's first soccer team was formed in Salt Lake City in 1882. For comparative purposes, the sport was not introduced in Brazil until 1888.
• Some say that Utah skiing legend Alf Engen was a better soccer player than skier. He played for a team called the Vikings.
• Eureka, a hotbed of early soccer in Utah, beat AFC Salt Lake for the state championship at Cummings Field at the University of Utah on Christmas Day in 1905.
• In 1910, 15 University of Utah students played against Scottish and English stars of the Garfield smelter and Salt Lake clubs. The Ute team tied Garfield 2-2 and lost 4-3 to Salt Lake.
• England native Harold Turville organized the Salt Lake Junior High School Soccer League in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
• In the 1920s, soccer in Utah became a "Mormons vs. Miners" battle, with LDS immigrants from soccer-playing countries often competing against ethnic mining teams from Bingham Canyon, Eureka and Carbon County.
• There was a women's soccer team at the University of Utah as early as 1923.
• In the 1930s, the Utah State Prison, at what is now Sugar House Park, fielded a team of inmates called the Benders. The area joke was that they could only play home games.
• In the 1930s, a number of girls' high school teams formed in Utah. Park City girls' intramural teams used names such as the Amazons, the Victorians, the Dynamite, Red Streaks, the Dames and the Fleet Footers.
• Because American-style football was banned at Civilian Conservation Corps camps during the Depression, men in camps throughout Utah turned to soccer for recreation.
• In the early days of Utah soccer, grass fields were rare. Most teams played on dirt, cinders or even blacktop.
• During World War II, about the only soccer in Utah occurred when local teams organized games against German and Italian prisoners of war, often at Fort Douglas. Ironically, the field where these games were played was in the same vicinity where the University of Utah women's soccer team plays today.
• When soccer gear was difficult to find in the 1950s, Arthur Zander ordered equipment from Europe and sold it out of his basement across the street from Fairmont Park.
• Real Salt Lake is only the latest professional soccer team in Utah. Salt Lake City's first pro team was called the Golden Spikers, who played in the American Soccer League in 1976. Federal judge Dee Benson played on that team. Other teams included the Utah Sting, the Utah Blitzz, the indoor Utah Freezz, and a women's team, the Utah Spiders.
Source: Roy Webb, "The Forwards Darted Like Flashes: The History of Soccer in Utah."