"Typically when these events hit the news, it's kind of a sell-now, ask-questions-later moment, and then there is a reassessment, and that's exactly what we had," said Quincy Krosby, market strategist at Prudential Financial. "Today, the market focused again on earnings, which for the most part were good, surprising to the upside, and the markets just basically got back to their normal business."
Signs of a rebound appeared early. The major stock indexes edged higher in premarket trading and demand for bonds waned, sending the yield on the 10-year Treasury note lower. Gold and oil prices also declined.
Strong earnings from several companies kept the market in positive territory after it opened. Investors drove up shares in Google, Honeywell International, furniture company Knoll and Huntington Banchsares, among others.
The Conference Board's latest index of leading indicators, designed to predict the economy's trajectory, stoked the market further. The index climbed in June for the fifth consecutive month. At the same time, investors brushed off a preliminary report showing consumer confidence dipped slightly.
The market built steadily on its gains throughout the day, reversing nearly all of the prior day's losses and putting all three major U.S. indexes into the green for the week.
The Standard & Poor's 500 index added 20.10 points, or 1 percent, to 1,978.22. The Dow rose 123.37 points, or 0.7 percent, to 17,100.18. The Nasdaq composite gained 68.70 points, or 1.6 percent, to 4,432.15.
The three major indexes remain ahead for the year.
Bond prices fell. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note rose to 2.48 percent from 2.45 percent late Thursday.
All 10 sectors in the S&P 500 rose, led by health care. The sector is up 10.6 percent this year.
Gilead Sciences notched the biggest gain among the 500 companies in the index, rising $4.12 or 4.8 percent, to $89.19. NVIDIA fell the most, shedding 86 cents, or 4.5 percent, to $18.44.
Investors largely looked through the brewing geopolitical hot spots this week in part because company earnings have been favorable, said Terry Sandven, chief equity strategist at U.S. Bank Wealth Management.
"Clearly the equity market remains remarkably resilient," he said. "Despite heightened political issues on the horizon the path of least resistance for equities is still up."
Generally, early results this earnings season have been in line with investors' expectations, and in some cases, much better, noted Lawrence Creatura, portfolio manager at Federated Investors.
Late Thursday, Google reported higher earnings and revenue, even as advertising rates continued to drop. Its stock added $24.29, or 4.2 percent, to $605.11.
Honeywell International gained $1.65, or 1.7 percent, to $96.82 after reporting that its income rose sharply in the latest quarter and beat investors' forecasts.
Furniture and accessories company Knoll and semiconductor Skyworks Solutions also got a lift from quarterly results that exceeded Wall Street's expectations. Knoll jumped $1.18, or 7 percent, to $18.15, while Skyworks rose $6.53, or 14.1 percent, to $52.87.
Banks have mostly reported strong second-quarter results, including Citigroup and Goldman Sachs earlier this week. Huntington Bancshares was no exception, reporting stronger earnings and net interest income. Its shares added 45 cents, or 4.8 percent, to $9.75.
The second-quarter earnings season enters its busiest period next week, when the market will get financial results from companies including McDonald's, Apple, Boeing and AT&T.
Among other stocks in the news Friday:
Advanced Micro Devices sank after the chipmaker issued a revenue outlook for the current quarter that fell short of Wall Street's expectations. The company reported a narrower loss in its second quarter late Thursday. The stock fell 74 cents, or 16.2 percent, to $3.83.